Milestone 2: Outside Factors & Effective Treatment
Southern New Hampshire University
There are many factors that can influence the treatment for autistic children. These factors include environmental, culture and family. Environmental factors concerning the onset of autism is an essential area of study. Genetic factor has been associated with the onset of autism as well. Parents who have been exposed to teratogens have substantiated factors that stimulate the chance of autism (Castro et al., 2016). Environmental factors of autism include maternal age, multiple pregnancies in a short period, inadequate prenatal care and low birth weight. Children who are associated with autism can experience a delay in brain development. There are many risk factors that are associated with autism. They include the parents age during the time of conception, maternal nutrition, inflection during pregnancy and prematurity.
In some cases individuals’ can be hereditarily prone to autism. Children can develop symptoms of autism based on their environment. Vaccines have been linked to the onset of autism. Also, an individual’s genetic predisposition can cause autism (Reynolds & Dombeck, 2006).
Parents of autistic children tend to suffer from multiple factors. Parents can exhibit an increase in stress, a poor quality of marriage, depression, anxiety and increased anger (Magana & Smith, 2006). Clinicians consider how cultural values, such as religion, can influence the diagnosis, treatment and welfare of families. Religion can also influence the treatment of a child with autism. South Asian Muslim’s believe that doctors undermine their children (Ennis-Cole, Durodoye & Harris, 2013). In some culture and religion, parents believe that an autistic child is a punishment from God. Also, some cultures are less likely than others to receive regular visits to the physicians. Culture can also play a role when viewing signs and symptoms of autism. Some parents do not realize that their child is experience symptoms of autism. Parents are more likely to experience developmental delays before social issues (Mandell & Novak, 2005). Cultures conflicts in the treatment options for children who have been diagnosed with autism. Some cultures will reach out to non-professionals before seeking professional help.
Parents of individuals with ASD have also shown a willingness to persist with this strategy of using diverse treatments that include those without empirical support, or even those that are harmful, despite evidence of ineffectiveness (Offit & Jew, 2003). Parents use treatments that work at cross-purposes to each other. Having children conduct in multiple treatments make it difficult to evaluate the effectiveness of any single treatment or specific combination of treatments for a given individual (Green et al, 2006). Parents can be dissatisfied with certain treatment options.
Since cultural factors are combined with thoughts and behaviors. Families address abnormalities in their children’s development differently from other parents of different cultures (Pachter & Harwood, 1996). This can influence various intervention strategies. Children were sometimes being treated for autism, but not displaying and signs and symptoms. There are some children who are currently being screening for autism, but are not displaying any signs or symptoms (Monteiro et al., 2015). This is delaying the progress and intervention of those children who actually have autism. Treatment for autism depends on the severity of the disorder. Treatment for autism includes therapy and other intervention strategies.
It can be concluded that there are many sociocultural and environmental factors that have been linked to the onset of autism. Some researchers have concluded that autism is due to sociological than biological factors. Parents can seek resources to assist with their child’s autism diagnosis. School systems can cause a delay in the diagnosis of autism.
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