How to write an Expository Essay

The key purpose of an expository essay is explaining a topic in a detailed, straightforward and logical manner. An expository essay delivers balanced and fair analysis of subjects based on factual evidences. An expository essay analyses the topic without reference to the writer’s emotions or opinions. A typical expository essay usually employs the two words: “define or explain.” For example, you can be asked by the lecturer to write an essay explaining how the social media has improved the communication around the globe. Another word that is mostly used is “discuss”. For example discuss the theme of education in the novel “the river between” by Ngugi.

Basically, any essay follows the structure of the introduction, the body and the conclusion. Usually, an expository essay is composed of five paragraphs. The first one is the introductory paragraph that contains the thesis statement. The body carries three paragraphs in which the topic of discussion is fully explained. The last paragraph is the conclusion. It summarizes the key points in your essay. 

Tips for writing an Expository Essay

    • Prewriting. This is the first and crucial phase, students are advised to take time for brainstorming about the main idea or the topic of discussion. Do research and write down notes. Make an outline that shows the information to be presented in every paragraph in an organized and logical sequence.
    • Draft the expository essay. Here make sure that the introductory paragraph contains the thesis statement, the body analyses the topic satisfactorily and the conclusion summarizes the idea briefly and precisely.
    • Revising the essay. Review and modify the work and rearrange it if need be.
    • Edit the essay. Proofread and correct errors in mechanic as well as grammar. An expository essay should be concise and clear.
    • Publishing the essay. Share your work with others either classmates or anybody you want. The feedback you get will tell you more about your work.


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